A smiling woman holds a tablet while a man works on a computer behind her.

Module References

Below you’ll find a number of useful references and resources to help you develop and teach a robust, engaging online course. We’ve assembled a selection of academic research, best-practices guides and practical tools to help best shape your content for online delivery, develop robust assessments, and engage with your students.


Download a 1-page key takeaways handout for the Plan module.

Assess Teaching and Learning. Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved from http://www.cmu.edu/teaching/assessment/index.html

Blanchard, K. & Johnson, S. (1981). The One Minute Manager. New York, NY: Berkley.

Bloom’s Verbs and Matching Assessment Types. 2001. St. Edward’s University Center for Teaching Excellence. Retrieved from https://www.moreheadstate.edu/getattachment/College-of-Education/Teacher-Education-Services/Cooperating-Teachers-and-University-Supervisors/Blooms-Verbs-and-Assessment-Types.pdf.aspx?lang=en-US

Canvas Instructor Tutorial Guide. University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Retrieved from https://uncg.instructure.com/enroll/BJY64E

Characteristics of Good Learning Outcomes. University of Toronto, Centre for Teaching Support & Innovation. Retrieved from http://teaching.utoronto.ca/teaching-support/course-design/developing-learning-outcomes/characteristics-of-good-learning-outcomes/

Chiesl, N. (2007). Pragmatic Methods to Reduce Dishonesty in Web-Based Courses. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 8(3), 203-211.

Enrollment and Employees in Postsecondary Institutions, Fall 2017; and
Financial Statistics and Academic Libraries, Fiscal Year 2017. NCES 2019-021rev. U.S. Department of Education. ies National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2019/2019021REV.pdf

Grade Increase: Tracking Distance Education in the United States. Babson Research Group. Retrieved from https://www.onlinelearningsurvey.com/highered.html

Hara, B. (2010). Graphic Display of Student Learning Objectives. The Chronicle. Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/blogs/profhacker/graphic-display-of-student-learning-objectives

Johnson, S. D., & Aragon, S. R. (2003). An instructional strategy framework for online learning environments. New directions for adult and continuing education, 100, 31-43.

Learning Outcome Assessment Matrix. UCLA Office of Instructional Development. Retrieved from https://oid.ucla.edu/resources/teaching-resources

Mager, R.F. (1984). Preparing instructional objectives. (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: David S. Lake.

Maor, D. (2003). The teacher’s role in developing interaction and reflection in an online learning community. Educational Media International, 40(1-2), 127-138.

Michael, T. & Williams, M. (2013). Student Equity: Discouraging Cheating in Online Courses. Administrative Issues Journal: Education, Practice, and Research, 3(2). Retrieved from http://www.swosu.edu/academics/aij/2013/v3i2/michael-williams.pdf

Moller, L., Huett, J., Holder, D., Young, J., Harvey, D., & Godshalk, V. (2005). Examining the impact of learning communities on motivation. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 6(2), 137-143.

National Student Clearinghouse. Fall 2019 Current Term Enrollment Estimates, December 16, 2019. Retrieved from https://nscresearchcenter.org/current-term-enrollment-estimates-2019/

Noel-Levitz (2014). 2014-2015 National Online Learners Priorities Report. Coralville, Iowa. Retrieved from https://www.ruffalonl.com/papers-research-higher-education-fundraising/student-retention-white-papers-and-trend-reports/national-satisfaction-and-priorities-reports/archive

OCS2019: Online College Students. LearningHouse.com. Retrieved from https://www.learninghouse.com/web-ocs2019-infographic/

Olt, M. R. (2002). Ethics and distance education: Strategies for minimizing academic dishonesty in online assessment. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 5(3). Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ657819

Online Education Trends Report. (2020). Best Colleges. Retrieved from https://res.cloudinary.com/highereducation/image/upload/v1584979511/BestColleges.com/edutrends/2020-Online-Trends-in-Education-Report-BestColleges.pdf

Petrakou, A. (2010). Interacting through avatars: Virtual worlds as a context for online education. Computers & Education, 54(4), 1020-1027.

Rowe, N. C. (2004). Cheating in online student assessment: Beyond plagiarism. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 7(2). Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/summer72/rowe72.html.

Schwartz, M. (2012). “Creating Effective Assessments.” Ryerson Learning & Teaching Office’s New Faculty Orientation. Retrieved from http://www.ryerson.ca/content/dam/lt/resources/handouts/examslearningoutcomes.pdf

Stavredes, T. (2011). Effective online teaching: Foundations and strategies for student success. John Wiley & Sons.

Swan, K. (2002). Building learning communities in online courses: The importance of interaction. Education, Communication & Information, 2(1), 23-49.

UNCG Face to Face vs. Online Enrollment report. Office of the Provost: UNC Greensboro KPI. Retrieved from https://provost.uncg.edu/kpi/face-to-face-vs-online-enrollment/

UNCG Observations on Meeting Student Needs in the Changing Demographics: A Summary of 2013-18 Enrollment Trends at UNCG. Office of Institutional Research. Retrieved from https://ire.uncg.edu/reports/enrollment-trends/

Venable, M. (2014). Who’s Learning Online in 2014? OnlineColleges.Net. Retrieved from http://www.onlinecolleges.net/whos-learning-online-in-2014/

Waller, K. Writing Instructional Objectives. National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences. Retrieved from http://ctl.tedu.edu.tr/sites/default/files/content_files/docs/writing-objectives.pdf

Wang, F., & Lockee, B. B. (2010). Virtual Worlds in Distance Education: A Content Analysis Study. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 11(3), 183-186

Warburton, S. (2009). Second Life in higher education: Assessing the potential for and the barriers to deploying virtual worlds in learning and teaching. British Journal of Educational Technology, 40(3), 414-426.

Wilson, L. (2015). Three Domains of Learning-Cognitive, Affective, and Psychomotor. The Second Principle. [blog] Retrieved from http://thesecondprinciple.com/teaching-essentials/beyond-bloom-cognitive-taxonomy-revised/

Wiggins, Grant P. Jay McTighe. Understanding by Design.  2005. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Link to Google eBook.

Wilson, L. (2015). Three Domains of Learning-Cognitive, Affective, and Psychomotor. The Second Principle. [blog] Retrieved from http://thesecondprinciple.com/teaching-essentials/beyond-bloom-cognitive-taxonomy-revised/

Download a 1-page key takeways handout for the Develop module.

Adobe Captivate 8. Adobe.com. Retrieved from http://www.adobe.com/products/captivate.html

Advanced Google Image Search. Retrieved from https://support.google.com/websearch/answer/29508?hl=en

Assessing Learning in Online Courses. Oklahoma State University Institute for Teaching and Learning Excellence.

Betts, K. (2009). Lost in Translation: Importance of Effective Communication in Online Education. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 12(2). Retrieved from: http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/summer122/betts122.html

Brainshark. PowerPoint Tips & Resources: http://www.brainshark.com/resource-center/powerpoint.aspx#design

Camtasia. Techsmith.com. Retrieved from https://www.techsmith.com/camtasia.html

Chiesl, N. (2007). Pragmatic Methods to Reduce Dishonesty in Web-Based Courses. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 8(3), 203-211.

Cite This For Me. citethisforme.com. Retrieved from https://www.citethisforme.com/

Copyright at UNCG. UNCG Office of the Provost. Retrieved from: http://copyright.uncg.edu/

Create a Personal Site at UNCG with Google Sites. UNCG Information Technology Services. Retrieved from https://its.uncg.edu/iSpartan/Sites/Create/default.aspx

Creative Commons. Retrieved from: http://creativecommons.org/

Equally Effective Alternate Access Plan. Retrieved from: http://udloncampus.cast.org/page/policy_access

Family Education Rights and Privacy Act. UNCG University Registrar’s Office. Retrieved from: http://reg.uncg.edu/policies/ferpa/

Flickr Creative Commons. Creative Commons: https://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/

Luzuriaga, M. (2011). Choosing the Right Font: A Practical Guide to Typography on the Web. tutsplus.com. Retrieved from http://webdesign.tutsplus.com/articles/choosing-the-right-font-a-practical-guide-to-typography-on-the-web–webdesign-15

Michael, T. & Williams, M. (2013). Student Equity: Discouraging Cheating in Online Courses. Administrative Issues Journal: Education, Practice, and Research, 3(2). Retrieved from http://www.swosu.edu/academics/aij/2013/v3i2/michael-williams.pdf

Olt, M. R. (2002). Ethics and distance education: Strategies for minimizing academic dishonesty in online assessment. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 5(3). Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ657819

Pappas, C. (2014). The Ultimate eLearning Course Design Checklist. elearningindustry.com Retrieved from http://elearningindustry.com/the-ultimate-elearning-course-design-checklist

Pexels Free Stock Images: https://www.pexels.com/

Pixabay Free Stock Images: https://pixabay.com/

Principles of Assessment. Academic Services, University of Exeter. http://bit.ly/1ksizK3

Rowe, N. C. (2004). Cheating in online student assessment: Beyond plagiarism. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 7(2). Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/summer72/rowe72.html.

Quality Matters Rubric. QualityMatters.org. Retrieved from https://www.qualitymatters.org/qa-resources/rubric-standards

Softchalk.com. Retrieved from http://softchalk.com/

TED Talks. Ted.com. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks

Toolkit: Home. UNCG University Libraries. Retrieved from http://uncg.libguides.com/toolkit/home

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). UNCG Human Resources. Retrieved from http://web.uncg.edu/hrs/Inclusive_Excellence/ADA/

UNCG Digital Media Commons: http://library.uncg.edu/spaces/dmc/

UNCG Library. Instructions for adding e-reserves. https://library.uncg.edu/info/depts/access_services/reserves/AddingeReservestoYourCourseinCanvas.pdf

UNCG Office of the General Counsel. Click-Wraps, Click-Through and Automatic Update Agreements: https://generalcounsel.uncg.edu/click-wraps-click-through-and-automatic-update-agreements/

UNCG Online: The Division of Online Learning. Retrieved from http://dcl.uncg.edu/

UNCG University Policy Manual. Copyright Ownership and Use Policy: http://policy.uncg.edu/university-policies/copyright/

UNCG University Policy Manual. Web Accessibility: http://policy.uncg.edu/university-policies/web_accessibility/

University Relations. UNCG. Retrieved from http://ure.uncg.edu/

U.S. Department of Education. Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/ferpa/index.html

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG): https://www.w3.org/WAI/standards-guidelines/wcag/

Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

WordPress Multisite Support. UNCG Information Technology Services. Retrieved from https://its.uncg.edu/Web_Development/WordPress_Multisite/

WordPress.org. Retrieved from https://wordpress.org/

YouTube.com. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/

Download a 1-page key takeways handout for the Teach module.

Arghode, V., Brieger, E., & Wang, J. (2018). Engaging instructional design and instructor role in online learning environment. European Journal of Training and Development, 42(7/8), 366-380. Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.libproxy.uncg.edu/docview/2126466887.

Blanchard, K., & Johnson, S. (1981). The one minute manager. New York: Harper Collins.

Crawford-Ferre, H. & Wiest, L. (2012). EFFECTIVE ONLINE INSTRUCTION IN HIGHER EDUCATION. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, Volume 13(1), 2012, pp. 11–14

Edelstein, S. & Edwards, J. (2002). If You Build It, They Will Come: Building Learning Communities Through Threaded Discussions. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 5(1). Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/spring51/edelstein51.html

Expectations for participating in online courses. University of Maryland Educational Department. Retrieved from http://www.d.umn.edu/~hrallis/guides/online_learning/expectations.html

Freeman, L. (2015). Instructor Time Requirements to Develop and Teach Online Courses. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, XVIII(I). Retrieved from https://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/spring181/freeman181.html

Gabriel, M. A., & Kaufield, K. J. (2008). Reciprocal mentorship: An effective support for online instructors. Mentoring and Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, 16(3), 311-327.

Lear, J. L., Isernhagen, J. C., LaCost, B. A., & King, J. W. (2009). Instructor presence for web-based classes. The Delta Pi Epsilon Journal, 51(2), 86-98.

Liu, X., Liu, S., Lee, S., & Magjuka, R. J. (2010). Cultural differences in online learning: International student perceptions. Educational Technology and Society, 13(3), 177-188.

Maor, D. (2003). The teacher’s role in developing interaction and reflection in an online learning community. Educational Media International, 40(1), 127-137.

NSSE’s Conceptual Framework (2013). Retrieved from http://nsse.indiana.edu/html/conceptual_framework_2013.cfm

Ogilvie, R. A. (2006). Netiquette. Charter, 77(5), 58-59. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/195595576?accountid=12725

Online Learning Guidelines and Expectations. College of Business at Illinois. Retrieved from http://business.illinoisstate.edu/downloads/about/10-0839cobethicspolicybooklet3.pdf

Reushle, S. & Mitchell, M. (2009). Sharing the journey of facilitator and learner: Online pedagogy in practice. Journal of Learning Design, 3(1), 11-20.

Schrum, L., Burbank, M. D., Engle, J., Chambers, J.A., & Glassett, K. F. (2005). Post-secondary educators’ professional development: Investigation of an online approach to enhancing teaching and learning. Internet and Higher Education, 8, 279-289.

Shea, V. (2004). Netiquette. Retrieved from http://www.albion.com/netiquette/book/index.html

Student Expectations. University of Wisconsin at Green Bay, Professional Program in Nursing. Retrieved from https://www.uwgb.edu/nursing/admissions/expectations.asp

Sull, E. C. (2014). Your first postings: Always crucial! Distance Learning, 11(3), 39-43. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1625397331?accountid=12725

“What are Analytics for my course?” Canvas Instructure guides. Retrieved from http://guides.instructure.com/m/4152/l/66789-what-are-analytics-for-my-course

Download a 1-page key takeways handout for the Evaluate module.

Adding Questions. Creating Surveys. Qualtrics.com. Retrieved from http://www.qualtrics.com/research-suite/creating-surveys/

Create a survey using Google Forms. Docs editors help. Retrieved from https://support.google.com/docs/answer/87809?hl=en

Hai-Jew, S. (2010) An Instructional Design Approach to Updating an Online Course Curriculum. Educause.edu. Retrieved from 

How do I create a Survey? Canvas Instructure guides. Retrieved from http://guides.instructure.com/m/4152/l/68346-how-do-i-create-a-survey

How to Create a Survey. SurveyMonkey Help Center. SurveyMonkey.com. Retrieved from http://help.surveymonkey.com/articles/en_US/kb/How-to-create-a-survey

Klemm, W. “Eight Ways to Get students More Engaged in Online Discussions.”  Texas A&M University Retrieved from http://www.blackboardsupport.calpoly.edu/content/faculty/handouts/Eight_ways.pdf

Qualtrics FAQs. Retrieved from http://www.qualtrics.com/university/researchsuite/research-resources/other-resources/faqs/